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Main allergic reactions in children’s vaccines

2024-03-29 02:00:15

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Las vaccines They are a crucial tool to protect children’s health by preventing serious infectious diseases. However, as with any medical intervention, side effects are possible, including allergic reactions. Although allergic reactions to vaccines are rare, it is important to be aware of the possible symptoms and how to respond appropriately. The main allergic reactions can be divided into three types:

Local reactions to vaccines

Local reactions at the injection site They are common after the administration of a vaccine. This may include redness, swelling, or tenderness in the area where the vaccine was given. These reactions are usually mild and go away on their own within a few days.

Mild systemic reactions

Some children may experience mild symptoms after receiving a vaccine, such as mild fever, malaise, headache, or fatigue. These reactions are a normal response from the immune system to the vaccine and are usually temporary.

Severe allergic reactions

Although rare, some vaccines can trigger severe allergic reactions in children, known as immediate allergic reactions or anaphylaxis. These reactions may include difficulty breathing, swelling of the face or throat, generalized skin rash, dizziness, rapid heart palpitations, or loss of consciousness. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment with epinephrine and urgent medical care.

Importantly, most serious allergic reactions to vaccines They are extremely rare. Vaccine safety is supported by extensive scientific research and safety studies, and the benefits of vaccination far outweigh the potential risks of serious side effects.

Reduce the risk of allergic reactions to vaccines

To reduce the risk of allergic reactions to vaccines in children, it is important follow vaccination guidelines recommended by health professionals and make sure children have no known allergies to vaccine components. Additionally, children with a history of severe allergic reactions to vaccines should be evaluated by an allergist before receiving future vaccines.

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